Wednesday, October 6, 2021
10/06/2021 - 2:30pm
Abstract: Detecting differences and building classifiers between distributions, given only finite samples, are important tasks in a number of scientific fields. Optimal transport (OT) has evolved as the most natural concept to measure the distance between distributions, and has gained significant importance in machine learning in recent years. There are some drawbacks to OT: Computing OT is usually slow, and it often fails to exploit reduced complexity in case the family of distributions is generated by simple group actions. In this talk, we discuss how optimal transport embeddings can be used to deal with these issues, both on a theoretical and a computational level. In particular, we’ll show how to embed the space of distributions into an L^2-space via OT, and how linear techniques can be used to classify families of distributions generated by simple group actions in any dimension. The proposed framework significantly reduces both the computational effort and the required training data in supervised settings. We demonstrate the benefits in pattern recognition tasks in imaging and provide some medical applications.
10/06/2021 - 4:00pm
The Putnam seminar meets every Wednesday from 4 to 5:30 in LOM 214. As always, everyone is warmly welcomed to come to hang out, learn more cool math, and meet folks. The seminar is casual, and folks can come and go as they like. See Pat Devlin’s webpage (and/or contact him) for more information. Folks can sign up for the mailing list here: https://forms.gle/nYPx72KVJxJcgLha8